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Dr. David J. Nota
Doctor of Optometry
224 Avenida Del Mar Ste A
San Clemente, CA 92672
P: 949-492-2029
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Glaucoma
Dr. Nota is Certified by the California State
Board of Optometry to treat & manage Glaucoma.

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S. It is estimated that over 2 million Americans have Glaucoma and this number is expected to rise as more of our population ages. Sadly, studies show that 50% of Glaucoma goes undetected.

Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the internal fluid pressure of your eye rises to cause optic nerve damage. The optic nerve at the back of the eye carries visual information to the brain. As the fibers that make up the optic nerve are damaged, the amount and quality of information sent to the brain decreases and a loss of vision occurs.
 
San Clemente Optometry

Two main Forms of Glaucoma:
»   Open-Angle Glaucoma – the most common one that has no symptoms at first. At some point, your side vision or (peripheral vision) is lost and without treatment, total blindness will occur.
   
» Closed-Angle Glaucoma or Acute Glaucoma – results from sudden, complete blocking of the fluid flowing out of the eye. Symptoms may include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, and seeing a rainbow halo around lights. Closed-Angle

Glaucoma is a medical emergency and must be treated immediately or blindness could result rapidly.

There are also several varieties of glaucoma, including secondary, normal-tension, congenital, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, juvenile, neovascular, pigmentary, and irido-corneal-endothelial syndrome (ICE syndrome).

Risk Factors include: Age (Normally begins after the age of 40), Race (African Americans are more likely to get glaucoma, Japanese descent are more prone to low-tension glaucoma), Family History( History of family members having the disease), Medical Conditions (Some studies indicate people with Diabetes, High blood pressure and Heart disease), Physical injuries to the eye, Other Eye-related factors (Corneal thickness and optic nerve appearance, retinal detachment, eye tumors, and eye inflammations may also induce glaucoma), High amounts of nearsightedness and Corticosteroid use.


  There are several tests that Dr. Nota does to detect glaucoma:
» Visual Field Test
» OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography)
» Digital Retinal Photos
» Intra-Ocular Pressures (IOP)
» Corneal Thickness    


The treatment of glaucoma is aimed at reducing intraocular pressure. Treatments typically start with a prescription eye drop that will either help the eye to drain the fluid more effectively or cause it to produce less fluid. For more severe Glaucoma you may require Laser surgery, Conventional Surgery, or Drainage Implants.

Currently there is no "cure" for glaucoma. In most cases the treatment is life time. Through proper management, damage to the optic nerve and continued loss of vision will slow or stop. Prompt treatment and regular monitoring is critical to preserve your vision!
 
San Clemente Optometry 224 Avenida Del Mar Ste A San Clemente, CA 92672 Phone: (949) 492-2029

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