Dr. Nota is Certified by the California State
Board of Optometry
to treat & manage Glaucoma.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes
of blindness in the U.S. It is estimated that over 2 million
Americans have Glaucoma and this number is expected to rise as
more of our population ages. Sadly, studies show that 50% of
Glaucoma goes undetected.
Glaucoma is an eye disease in
which the internal fluid pressure of your eye rises to cause
optic nerve damage. The optic nerve at the back of the eye
carries visual information to the brain. As the fibers that make
up the optic nerve are damaged, the amount and quality of
information sent to the brain decreases and a loss of vision
Two main Forms of Glaucoma:
– the most common one that has no symptoms at first. At
some point, your side vision or (peripheral vision) is
lost and without treatment, total blindness will occur.
or Acute Glaucoma – results from sudden, complete
blocking of the fluid flowing out of the eye. Symptoms
may include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, blurred
vision, and seeing a rainbow halo around lights.
Glaucoma is a medical emergency and must be treated immediately
or blindness could result rapidly.
There are also several
varieties of glaucoma, including secondary, normal-tension,
pseudoexfoliation syndrome, juvenile, neovascular, pigmentary,
and irido-corneal-endothelial syndrome (ICE syndrome).
Risk Factors include: Age (Normally begins after the age of 40),
Race (African Americans are more likely to get glaucoma,
Japanese descent are more prone to low-tension glaucoma), Family
History( History of family members having the disease), Medical
Conditions (Some studies indicate people with Diabetes, High
blood pressure and Heart disease), Physical injuries to the eye,
Other Eye-related factors (Corneal thickness and optic nerve
appearance, retinal detachment, eye tumors, and eye
inflammations may also induce glaucoma), High amounts of
nearsightedness and Corticosteroid use.
|There are several tests that Dr. Nota does to detect glaucoma:
» Visual Field Test
OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography)
» Intra-Ocular Pressures (IOP)
The treatment of glaucoma is aimed at reducing intraocular
pressure. Treatments typically start with a prescription eye
drop that will either help the eye to drain the fluid more
effectively or cause it to produce less fluid. For more severe
Glaucoma you may require Laser surgery, Conventional Surgery, or
there is no "cure" for glaucoma. In most cases the treatment is
life time. Through proper management, damage to the optic nerve
and continued loss of vision will slow or stop. Prompt treatment
and regular monitoring is critical to preserve your vision!